Philosophy and Strategy
Our philosophy stems from the belief that (a) great businesses that adopt a meaningful dividend-growth capital allocation preference can generate wonderful investing outcomes over time and (b) dividends are a more reliable part of total return than capital gains.
We aim to maximize yield while seeking to protect principal, the income stream, or long-term total return potential. Our Large Cap Dividend Strategy is guided by three principles:
- Business first: Own great businesses that happen to pay dividends
- Dividends second: Provide a reliable, significant, and growing stream of cash
- Be Foolish: Maintain a long-term, ownership mentality
Most dividend investing is narrowly focused on maximizing yield, which results in sector concentration, ownership stakes in deteriorating businesses, and ignoring funding and business risks. Our Large Cap Dividend Strategy is about owning great businesses that happen to have great dividend policies and holding them for the long term.
We will invest in stocks (large cap, domestic, and dividend-paying), preferred stocks (super high-quality, large cap, domestic companies that may or may not pay a dividend), and Exchange Traded Funds (or ETFs). Holdings will be combined in an effort to achieve the objective, uphold our philosophy, and provide diversification.
Portfolio Management Process
The Large Cap Dividend Strategy will typically hold 15-30 investments and be near fully-invested at all times. We seek to achieve diversification the following ways:
- Asset Type: Typically, at least 75% of the strategy’s allocation will be to high-quality, dividend-paying, domestic stocks, with a minority allocated to preferred stocks and ETFs. The common and preferred stocks will be issued by domestic companies with a market cap greater than the cap identified by the S&P Midcap 400 index (currently about $13 billion). If any ETFs are owned in the strategy, they will be classified as large cap on a holding-weighted market capitalization basis.
- Sector: The portfolio will be structured to achieve adequate sector diversification, with no single sector accounting for more than 35% of assets.
- Style: We believe stylistic diversification within the dividend-producing investment universe is important. The primary distinctions across this “style” framework are the balance between dividend yield and dividend growth and the stability of financial performance.
We believe a portfolio built upon core “Foundational” dividend payers, augmented with “Complementary” dividend growers, and topped off with occasional “Opportunistic” positions has the best chance of achieving the Large Cap Dividend Strategy’s objective and goals. In addition, this stylistic diversification affords the ability to construct a portfolio with a total return profile driven by dividend yield, supported by dividend growth, and exposed to capital appreciation potential.
Our investments will be chosen based on in-depth, bottom-up, fundamental research and a commitment to respecting the Strategy’s goals and objectives. Our research will be pointed at identifying wonderful businesses that have adopted a capital allocation policy committed to dividends. We give particular care to:
- Dividend Reliablility: cash flow coverage, dividend philosophy, competitive advantage and stability of financial performance
- Dividend Growth Potential: end market demand, cash flow growth and payout characteristics, financial flexibility, reinvestment needs
- Attributes of the entire portfolio: dividend yield, dividend growth, sector diversification, style diversification
Ultimately, we will select a mix of investments that have an attractive combination of dividend yield and dividend growth potential to drive satisfactory total returns over time. We seek to pay reasonable prices for these investments.
The strategy will typically have 15–30 positions that vary in size based on their style classification and dividend yield-plus-growth attractiveness.
|Style||Typical Portfolio Weight||Maximum Portfolio Weight||Typical Position Size||Position Size Maximum|
Foundational holdings are those which we expect remarkably resilient operational performance and therefore have a high degree of confidence in our assessment of dividend reliability and dividend growth. These positions, therefore, will support larger allocations. Complementary holdings are subject to the same level of analysis and held to the same high standards, but the nature of their operations or dividend profiles leave us less confident in our assessment of dividend reliability or dividend growth. Accordingly, these positions will be restricted to smaller allocations. Opportunistic holdings won’t generally fit the Foundational or Complementary framework, will be used sparingly, and will be awarded smaller allocations.
Given our preference for high quality businesses trading at reasonable prices, we expect the Large Cap Dividend Strategy to exhibit low turnover. Within our style characterization, we anticipate slightly higher turnover for Opportunistic than Complementary positions, and slightly higher turnover for Complementary than Foundational positions.
We will make adjustments to the portfolio over time as new information about each company’s business and dividend prospects becomes available. We look to add to positions in businesses with improving competitive positions, business performance financial profiles, and payout philosophies which in turn improve the prospects for the dividend’s reliability and growth. We will sell positions in businesses with deteriorating competitive positions, business performance, financial profiles, and payout philosophies likely to negatively impact the dividend's reliability and growth.
We may trim or add to positions in an effort to achieve more balanced sector and business risk diversification. However, we will not mechanically sell a position that exceeds our position size maximum guideline. Business, quality, and dividend considerations will always remain the primary drivers of position management actions. However, in the event a sector accounts for more than 35% of total assets, we will take appropriate measures to reduce holdings in this sector and in a manner consistent with our investment tenets and prudent management.
The value of investments in the Large Cap Dividend Strategy may increase or decrease, which will cause the value of the investor’s portfolio to increase or decrease. Investors may lose money on their investment and there can be no assurance that the strategy will achieve its investment objective and goals.
We define risk as the permanent loss of capital. Our primary efforts to manage risk will center around (1) paying reasonable prices for companies that meet the criteria laid out above and (2) avoiding dividend cuts at all costs.
The principal risks inherent in this strategy are:
There is no guarantee that the issuers of the stocks will declare dividends in the future or that, if dividends are declared, they will remain at their current levels or increase over time. High-dividend stocks may not experience high earnings growth or capital appreciation. A Client's performance during a broad market advance could suffer because dividend paying stocks may not experience the same capital appreciation as non-dividend paying stocks.
The stock of any company may not perform as well as expected, and may lose value, because of factors related to the company, including adverse developments regarding the company's business, poor management decisions, or changes in the company's industry or popularity of its goods and services. In the event a company becomes insolvent, stock holders will generally have lowest priority among owners of that company's obligations as to the distribution of the company's assets. Stocks may also be affected by general market and economic factors, even when their companies' respective business fundamentals are unchanged.
Please see Appendix B to our Investment Advisory Agreement for a discussion of additional risk associated with this strategy. A link to the Investment Advisory Agreement is provided at the bottom of this page.
Each Personal Portfolio is subject to an account minimum, which varies based on the strategies included in the portfolio. Motley Fool Wealth Management retains the right to revise or modify portfolios and strategies if it believes such modifications would be in the best interests of its clients, and we may modify allocations within a client's account subject to the constraints of each client's current risk score and objective. Clients should be aware that their individual account results may not exactly match the performance of the Model Portfolios.