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Planning Your Retirement Income? 3 Things to Know

Published by Motley Fool Wealth Management on Wed, Sep 22, 2021
Planning for retirement income

Will I have enough retirement income? 

This is one of the most common concerns people have. And so, if you’re like most people, you’ve likely asked yourself that question, too. And, by way of an answer, you’ve probably taken stock of the value of your investment and banking accounts. 

Where do you stand?

That makes sense, because how much you save and how you invest that savings not only play significant roles in financial security, they also seem to be among the few things you can control. Many other variables—such as Social Security, interest rates, and inflation—are determined by forces beyond your control. 

With a bit of planning, you can marshal all your resources and hopefully improve your chances of living the retirement you want. Start with a financial inventory to know where you stand. 

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Then think about where you’d like to be—your dream retirement.

What does a fulfilling retirement look like to you?

It may sound surprising as the first question. Many individuals tackle the dollars and cents of retirement head-on but forget to define their ideal retirement. It should not be expressed in terms of a specific dollar amount in the bank or a targeted rate of return on your portfolio. Instead, your ideal retirement should be characterized by your goals and how your wealth can help you achieve them. 

So, before we jump into things like the "4% withdrawal" rule of thumb or a potential shift to a more conservative asset allocation that you’ve likely read about, you must first determine what you’re going to spend money on in retirement.

What’s your playbook for the later stages of your life? As your working life wound down, you may have been daydreaming about your retirement days. Did you picture yourself traveling the world or creating an award-winning flower garden? Were you setting sail on the boat you’ve dreamed about or packing a lunch to take to the beach with your grandkids?  And now that you’re in retirement, has your vision of the decades to come changed? 

We believe the confluence of essential relationships, core pursuits, and health—your “Prosperity Trifecta”—should drive how you live your retirement and how much money you need. Knitting these elements together will design your investment strategy for the short and long term and inform which sources of income you should access and when. 

Where do you spend your money?

Before we talk about your income in retirement, it’s important to know where your money goes. Each individual spends money differently; it depends on what’s personally meaningful. Despite small proclivities, overall housing, transportation, and healthcare make up the majority—nearly 65%—of annual spending. 

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Most individuals spend less as they progress through retirement. Data show that of the total U.S. expenditures, Americans aged 45-54 spend the most. As they reach age 64, expenses decline slightly, but by 75 years old, spending is nearly one-third of what it was just 10 years prior. Even as overall costs fall, spending on certain categories shifts with age. 

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At ages 55-64, Americans spend roughly the same percentage on food, housing, transportation, and healthcare. Individuals older than 64 see a decline in food, housing, and transportation costs but a rise in healthcare outlays. And by age 75, healthcare services use the highest percentage of dollars, about double paid for housing, transportation, or food. 

Understanding what you spend and how you expect that to change throughout your retirement will go a long way toward deciding which sources of income you should access and when.  

Your retirement paycheck

Talk to any given circle of retirees, and you'll find that their retirement plans and activities are as varied as they are. You may retire at an older or younger age than your friends. Your sister may leave her corporate job and decide to work part-time at a dance studio to stay busy and satiate her love of dance! Your brother may call it quits and hit the links every day. And you may take art classes to fulfill your lifelong desire to learn how to paint watercolors. Whatever your retirement looks like, your retirement paycheck needs to satisfy your core living expenses and fuel your desired experiences.


Disclosures

The content in this article is provided for informational purposes only, reflects our general views on investing, and should not be relied upon as recommendations or financial planning advice. We encourage you to seek personalized advice from qualified professionals regarding all personal finance issues. 

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